Ohio Soybean Performance Trials 2022
Allen Geyer, Matthew Hankinson, John McCormick, and Laura Lindsey
Dept. of Horticulture & Crop Science
Ohio State University Extension and OARDC
The Ohio State University, College of Food, Agriculture and Environmental Science
The purpose of the Ohio Soybean Performance Trials is to evaluate soybean varieties for yield and other agronomic characteristics. This evaluation gives soybean producers comparative information for selecting the best varieties for their unique production systems.
FIELD PLOT DESIGN
The entries for each test site were planted in a randomized complete block design. Each entry was replicated four times and planted in plots 28 ft long and 5 ft wide containing four rows seeded at 15-inch row width. Seeding rate was 150,000 seeds per acre. Corn was the previous crop at all locations. All locations were no-till except the S2 location, which was planted into a stale seedbed. Farmer cooperators sprayed pre-emergence herbicides (varied by location). All locations were sprayed post-emergence with First Rate, Flexstar, and Select Max.
METHOD OF CONDUCTING TRIALS
Entries in Trials. Performance of entries in The Ohio Soybean Performance Trials are published if seed will be available to Ohio soybean producers for the following planting season. All 2022 entries were submitted voluntarily by seed companies. Entry fee charges were paid per entry and region.
Test by Maturity and Type. Varieties were grouped, tested, and analyzed by maturity (early and late). Conventional (CV), RoundUp Ready (RR), Enlist (EN), XtendFlex (XF), sulfonylurea-tolerant soybean (STS), Liberty Link/glyphosate tolerant (LLGT27), EN/STS, and XF/STS varieties were tested in the same block to allow for head-to-head comparisons. Varieties are comparable within a location and maturity grouping (early or late). Conventional herbicides were sprayed on all entries. Use the table below to find varieties by region and maturity.
|Table 1: The 2022 Ohio Soybean Performance Trials, Site Descriptions|
|Soil texture||Clay||Clay Loam||Clay||Silty clay loam||Clay loam||Silt loam|
|Organic matter (%)||3.8||3.3||3.0||3.1||2.9||2.8|
|Soil Test P-Mehlich (ppm)||39||17||97||40||36||99|
|Soil Test K (ppm)||148||98||163||99||162||186|
|Plant date||May 13||June 5||June 3||June 1||May 11||May 12|
|Harvest date||Oct 20||Oct 24||Oct 22||Oct 17||Oct 6||Oct 10|
MEASUREMENTS AND RECORDS
Relative maturity. Relative maturity (RM) is a rating designed to account for all of the factors that affect maturity date and includes variety, planting date, weather, and latitude. Maturity is defined as the "95% brown pods" stage. A variety with a RM rating of 3.5 should reach the 95% brown pod stage 5 days later than a variety with a rating of 3.0. RM was submitted by seed companies.
Lodging Score. There was no lodging in 2022.
Seed size is reported as number of seeds per pound. Seed size was determined from varieties grown at the C2 location.
Yield. Each soybean variety was harvested when the moisture content was between 8 and 14 percent and yields reported in bushels per acre at 13 percent moisture.
Protein, Oil Percentage. Analysis was determined by near infrared transmittance technology. The test was performed using a Foss NIR whole grain analyzer and is reported at 13 percent moisture. Protein and oil were determined from varieties grown at the C2 location.
LSD. A Least Significant Difference (LSD) for yield was computed for each location and maturity grouping. LSDs are reported in bushels per acre at 13 percent moisture. Yields of two varieties within a location and maturity grouping are significantly different 90% of the time if their yields differ by more than the LSD value shown for that maturity group. A double asterisk (**) is used to denote the variety with the highest yield within a location and maturity grouping. A single asterisk (*) is used to denote varieties with yield not statistically different than the highest yielding variety.
DATA USE. Inclusion of entries in the Ohio Soybean Performance Trials does not constitute an endorsement of a particular entry by the Ohio State University, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, or Ohio State University Extension.
All educational programs and activities conducted by Ohio State University Extension are available to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis without regard to race, color, creed, religion, sexual orientation, national origin, gender, age, disability or Vietnam-era veteran status.
Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Jacqueline Kirby Wilkins, Director, Ohio State University Extension.