Extension/Research Information

2001 Ohio Forage Performance Trials

Ohio State University Extension
Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center
The Ohio State University

Horticulture and Crop Science
Series 195
December 2001

Red Clover

    Red clover is a short-lived perennial legume grown for hay, silage, pasture and green manure crop. Red clover is better adapted than alfalfa to soils that are somewhat poorly drained and slight acidic; however, greatest production occurs on well-drained soils with high water-holding capacity and pH above 6.0. Red clover is not as productive as alfalfa in the summer. Red clover is one of the easiest legumes to establish using no-till interseeding or frost-seeding techniques. Most of the improved varieties are medium types and have good levels of disease resistance to northern and southern anthracnose and powdery mildew. These and other diseases can reduce stands quickly.

Summary of 2001 Red Clover Performance 

    Red clover yields were lower than alfalfa yields at South Charleston in 2001. Significant stand loss was observed in all varieties over the season, as demonstrated by the dramatic change in stand density ratings from April to September (Table 16). Essentially complete stand loss was observed in some varieties. This trial will be harvested in 2002 if the remaining stands persist through the winter.


ZR9906RAmericas Alfalfa
ZR9908RAmericas Alfalfa
Royal RedLand O’ Lakes
RC9803GLand O’ Lakes
Solid RedCaudill Seed Warehouse
StarFireAmpac Seed Co.
ImpactSpeciality Seed Co.
CW5049Cal/West Seeds
BESKYDLF Trifolium
AmosDLF Trifolium
DollnaDLF Trifolium
VesnaDLF Trifolium

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